Lanthanum Chloride







Product Name:    Lanthanum Chloride Hydrate

Formula:             LaCl3 ž xH2O

Supplier:             ESPI Metals

                            1050 Benson Way

                            Ashland, OR 97520

Telephone:          800-638-2581

Fax:                     541-488-8313

Email:                  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Emergency:         Infotrac 800-535-5053 (US) or 352-323-3500 (24 hour)

Recommended Uses:   Scientific Research




GHS Classification (29 CFR 1910.1200): Skin corrosion/irritation, category 2,  Eye damage/irritation, category 2A,  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure, category 3.

GHS Label Elements:


Signal Word: Warning

Hazard Statements: H315  Causes skin irritation,  H319  Causes serious eye irritation,  H335  May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P261  Avoid breathing dust or fume,  P264  Wash skin thoroughly after handling,  P271  Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area,  P280  Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection,  P302+P352  IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water,  P332+P313  IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention,  P305+P351+P338  IF IN EYES: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing,  P337+P313  IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention,  P304+P340  IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing,  P312  Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell,  P362+P364  Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse,  P405  Store locked up,  P501  Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local, state or federal regulations.




Ingredient:       Lanthanum (III) Chloride Hydrate

CAS#:                20211-76-1

%:                     100

EC#:                  233-237-5




General Measures: Remove patient from area of exposure.

INHALATION: Remove to fresh air, keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult. Seek medical attention.

INGESTION: Rinse mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical attention. Never induce vomiting or give anything by  mouth to an unconscious person.

SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing, brush material off skin, wash affected area with soap and water. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist.

EYES: Flush eyes with lukewarm water, including under upper and lower eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist.

Most Important Symptoms/Effects, Acute and Delayed: May cause irritation. See section 11 for more information.

Indication of Immediate Medical Attention and Special Treatment: No other relevant information available.




Extinguishing Media: Use suitable extinguishing agent for surrounding materials and type of fire.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media: No information available.

Specific Hazards Arising from the Material: May emit toxic fumes under fire conditions.

Special Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters: Full face, self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.




Personal Precautions, Protective Equipment, and Emergency Procedures: Wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in section 8. Isolate spill area and provide ventilation. Avoid breathing dust or fume. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Eliminate all sources of ignition.

Methods and Materials for Containment and Cleaning Up: Avoid raising dust. Scoop or vacuum up using a vacuum system equipped with a HEPA filter. Place in properly labeled closed containers.

Environmental Precautions: Do not flush to sewer, stream, or other bodies of water. Do not allow to enter drains or to be released to the environment.




Precautions for Safe Handling: Handle in an enclosed, controlled process. Avoid creating dust. Provide adequate ventilation if dusts are created. Avoid breathing dust or fumes. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. See section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.

Conditions for Safe Storage, Including Any Incompatibilities: Store in a cool, dry area. Store material tightly sealed in properly labeled containers. Protect from moisture. See section 10 for more information on incompatible materials.




Exposure Limits:       OSHA/PEL:                            ACGIH/TLV:

Lanthanum Chloride     No exposure limit established    No exposure limit established

Appropriate Engineering Controls: Handle in a controlled, enclosed environment. Whenever possible the use of local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls is the preferred method of controlling exposure to airborne dust and fume to meet established occupational exposure limits. Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air.

Individual Protection Measures, Such as Personal Protective Equipment:

   Respiratory Protection: Wear a NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator when dust or fumes are present.

   Eye Protection: Safety glasses

   Skin Protection: Wear impermeable gloves, protective work clothing as necessary.





  Form:                Crystalline aggregates

  Color:                White

Odor:                   Not determined

Odor Threshold:  Not determined

pH:                                              N/A

Melting Point:                             91 oC (decomposes)

Boiling Point:                              No data

Flash Point:                                 N/A

Evaporation Rate:                       N/A

Flammability:                              No data

Upper Flammable Limit:             No data

Lower Flammable Limit:             No data

Vapor Pressure:                          No data

Vapor Density:                            N/A

Relative Density (Specific Gravity):     No data

Solubility in H2O:                         Very soluble

Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water):   Not determined

Autoignition Temperature:         No data

Decomposition Temperature:     No data

Viscosity:                                     N/A




Reactivity: No specific test data available

Chemical Stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Possibility of Hazardous Reactions: Hazardous polymerization will not occur.

Conditions to Avoid: Protect from moisture.

Incompatible Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, halogens, water/moisture.

Hazardous Decomposition Products: Lanthanum oxides, hydrogen chloride.




Likely Routes of Exposure: Inhalation, skin and eyes.

Symptoms of Exposure: May cause irritation to eyes and abraded skin. May cause irritation to lungs.

Acute and Chronic Effects:

Lanthanum Compounds:  In animal studies lanthanum chloride instilled intratracheally revealed that the metal remains mostly in the lungs with a biological half-life of 244 days. Oral administration of lanthanum chloride at 40mg/kg concentration indicated that chronic exposure to lanthanum could possibly impair the learning ability. Although swabbing of teeth with lanthanum nitrate is known to replace calcium with lanthanum in the enamel in rats and hamsters, lanthanum absorbed from the small intestine has also been shown to deposit in the teeth. Lanthanum carbonate, at doses up to 2000 mg/kg/day, did not affect fertility or mating performance of male or female rats.

Rare Earth Compounds:  In animal studies exposure to rare earths via inhalation or intratracheally has been proven to cause acute pneumonitis with neutrophil infiltration in the lung. Long-term exposure to rare earths dust seems to cause pneumoconiosis in humans. Deposition and retention in the body following exposure to rare earth compounds is primarily determined by its chemical forms. Rare earth compounds did not show high acute toxicity by intravenous or intraperitoneal routes in animal mortality studies. There is evidence that rare earth ions (+3) function as Ca2+ antagonists.

Chloride Compounds:  Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas or a clear to amber liquid under pressure, and has a pungent, suffocating odor. The gas irritates the eyes and causes tears.  Liquid chlorine on contact can burn the skin and eyes. Chloride toxicity varies widely; sodium chloride has very low toxicity while carbonyl chloride (phosgene) is lethal in small doses. When heated to decomposition or on contact with acids or acid fumes chloride compounds may evolve toxic hydrogen chloride fumes. As the principal negatively charged ion in the human body, chloride also serves as one of the main electrolytes of the body.

Acute Toxicity: No data

CarcinogenicityNTP:  Not identified as carcinogenic    IARC:  Not identified as carcinogenic

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological characteristics of the substance are not fully known.




Ecotoxicity: No data

Persistence and Degradability: No data

Bioaccumulative Potential: No data

Mobility in Soil: No data

Other Adverse Effects: Do not allow material to be released to the environment. No further relevant information available.




Waste Disposal Method:

Product: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

Packaging: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.




Shipping Regulations:  Not regulated

   UN Number:                           N/A

   UN Proper Shipping Name:   N/A

   Transport Hazard Class:       N/A

   Packing Group:                      N/A

   Marine Pollutant:                   No




TSCA Listed: No  (hydrate is not listed but CAS# 10099-58-8, Lanthanum Chloride LaCl3 is listed)

DSL Listed: No  (hydrate is not listed but CAS# 10099-58-8, Lanthanum Chloride LaCl3 is listed)

Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP): Skin corrosion/irritation, category 2,  Eye damage/irritation, category 2A,  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure, category 3.

WHMIS 2015 Classification: Skin corrosion/irritation, category 2,  Eye damage/irritation, category 2A,  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure, category 3.

HMIS Ratings:  Health:  1     Flammability:  0     Physical:  0

NFPA Ratings:  Health:  1     Flammability:  0     Instability:  0

Chemical Safety Assessment: A chemical safety assessment has not been carried out.




The information contained in this document is based on the state of our knowledge at the time of publication and is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. ESPI Metals makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee of any kind with respect to the information contained in this document or any use of the product based on this information. ESPI Metals shall not be held liable for any damages resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. Users should satisfy themselves that they have all current data relevant to their particular use.


Prepared by:              ESPI Metals

Revised/Reviewed:    August 2017