Aluminum Carbide







Product Name:    Aluminum Carbide

Formula:             Al4C3

Supplier:             ESPI Metals

                            1050 Benson Way

                            Ashland, OR 97520

Telephone:          800-638-2581

Fax:                     541-488-8313

Email:                  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Emergency:         Infotrac 800-535-5053 (US) or 352-323-3500 (24 hour)

Recommended Uses: Scientific Research




GHS Classification (29 CFR 1910.1200): Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases, category 2,   Skin irritation, category 2, Eye irritation, category 2A, Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure, category 3.

GHS Label Elements:

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Signal Word: Danger

Hazard Statements: H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas, H315 Causes skin irritation, H319 Causes serious eye irritation, H335 May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire, P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture, P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray, P264 Wash skin thoroughly after handling, P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area, P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection, P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water, P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing, P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing, P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell, P332+P313 IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention, P335+P334 Brush off loose particles from skin and immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages, P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention, P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse, P370+P378 In case of fire: Use dry chemical extinguishing agents for extinction, do not use water, P402+P404 Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container, P405 Store locked up, P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local, state or federal regulations.




Ingredient:     Aluminum Carbide

CAS#:              1299-86-1

%:                   100

EC#:                215-076-2




General Measures: Remove patient from area of exposure.

INHALATION: Remove to fresh air, keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult. Seek medical attention.

INGESTION: Rinse mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical attention. Never induce vomiting or give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing, brush material off skin, wash affected area with soap and water. Seek medical attention if irritation develops or persists.

EYES: Flush eyes with lukewarm water, including under upper and lower eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if irritation develops or persists.

Most Important Symptoms/Effects, Acute and Delayed: May cause irritation. See section 11 for more information.

Indication of Immediate Medical Attention and Special Treatment: No other relevant information available.




Extinguishing Media: Use Class D dry powder extinguishing agent.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media: Do not use water.

Specific Hazards Arising from the Material: May release toxic fumes if involved in a fire.

Special Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters: Wear full face, self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.




Personal Precautions, Protective Equipment, and Emergency Procedures: Wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in section 8. Isolate spill area and provide ventilation. Avoid breathing dust or fume. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Eliminate all sources of ignition.

Methods and Materials for Containment and Cleaning Up: Avoid creating dust. Use only non-sparking tools and natural bristle brushes. Scoop or vacuum up spill using a vacuum rated for combustible metal dusts equipped with a HEPA filter. Place in properly labeled closed containers for further handling and disposal. Do not use water for clean-up.

Environmental Precautions: Do not allow to enter drains or to be released to the environment.




Precautions for Safe Handling: Handle under dry protective gas such as argon if possible. Handle in an enclosed, controlled process. Avoid creating dust. Avoid breathing dust or fumes. Provide adequate ventilation if dusts are created. Use non-sparking tools. Protect from sources of ignition. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. See section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.

Conditions for Safe Storage: Store under argon in tightly sealed containers. Store in a cool, dry area. Store away from sources of heat or ignition. Protect from moisture. Do not store together with oxidizers. See section 10 for more information on incompatible materials.




Exposure Limits:       OSHA/PEL:                                ACGIH/TLV:

Aluminum Carbide        No exposure limit established       No exposure limit established

Engineering Controls: Handle in an enclosed, controlled process. Use local exhaust to maintain exposure at low levels. Whenever possible the use of local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls is the preferred method of controlling exposure to airborne dust and fume to meet established occupational exposure limits. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air. Prepare for the possibility of a fire. Keep extinguishing agents, tools for handling and protective clothing readily available.

Individual Protection Measures, Such as Personal Protective Equipment:

Respiratory Protection: Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.

Eye Protection: Safety glasses

Skin Protection: Impermeable gloves, protective work clothing as necessary.





Form:                  Powder

Color:                  No data

Odor:                   Odorless

Odor Threshold:  Not determined

pH:                                              N/A

Melting Point:                             Stable to 1400 oC

Boiling Point:                              2200 oC (decomposes)

Flash Point:                                 N/A

Evaporation Rate:                       N/A

Flammability:                              No data

Upper Flammable Limit:             No data

Lower Flammable Limit:             No data

Vapor Pressure:                          No data

Vapor Density:                             N/A

Relative Density (Specific Gravity):     2.36 g/cc

Solubility in H2O:                         Decomposes

Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water):   Not determined

Autoignition Temperature:         No data

Decomposition Temperature:     No data

Viscosity:                                     N/A




Reactivity: No specific test data available.

Chemical Stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Possibility of Hazardous Reactions: Reacts with water to evolve methane gas.

Conditions to Avoid: Avoid high temperatures, contact with water/moisture, exposure to heat, sparks, flame.

Incompatible Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, acids, water/moisture.

Hazardous Decomposition Products: Methane gas, aluminum oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.




Likely Routes of Exposure: Inhalation, skin and eyes.

Symptoms of Exposure: May cause irritation to eyes, lungs and abraded skin. 

Acute and Chronic Effects:

Aluminum: There is strong evidence that aluminum (compounds) can cause irritation following exposure via either inhalation or injection. Modest evidence of an effect exists for reproductive toxicity following oral exposure, for neurological toxicity following either oral or injection exposure, and for bone toxicity following injection exposure. All other effects were judged to be supported by either limited evidence or no clear evidence at all.1

Carbides: Pure carbon has extremely low toxicity to humans and can be handled and even ingested safely in the form of graphite or charcoal. It is resistant to dissolution or chemical attack, even in the acidic contents of the digestive tract, for example. However, inhalation of coal dust or soot (carbon black) in large quantities can be dangerous, irritating lung tissues and causing pneumoconiosis. The harmful effects associated with some inorganic carbon compounds are from the metals, for example, rather than from the carbon itself.

Acute Toxicity: No data

Carcinogenicity: NTP: Not identified as carcinogenic   IARC: Not identified as carcinogenic

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological characteristics of the substance are not fully known.




Ecotoxicity: No data

Persistence and Degradability: No data

Bioaccumulative Potential: No data

Mobility in Soil: No data

Other Adverse Effects: Do not allow material to be released to the environment. No further relevant information available.




Waste Disposal Method:

Product: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

Packaging: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.




UN Number:                            UN1394

UN Proper Shipping Name:    Aluminum Carbide

Transport Hazard Class:        4.3

Packing Group:                       II

Marine Pollutant:                    No




TSCA Listed: Yes

DSL Listed: Yes

Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP): Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases, category 2,   Skin irritation, category 2, Eye irritation, category 2A, Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure, category 3.

WHMIS 2015 Classification: Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases,   Skin corrosion/irritation, Serious eye damage/eye irritation, Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure.

HMIS Ratings: Health: 1     Flammability: 3     Physical: 2

NFPA Ratings: Health: 1     Flammability: 3      Instability: 2     Special Hazards: W

Chemical Safety Assessment: A chemical safety assessment has not been carried out.




1Krewski et al. (2007) Human Health Risk Assessment for Aluminum, Aluminum Oxide, and Aluminum Hydroxide,

The information contained in this document is based on the state of our knowledge at the time of publication and is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. ESPI Metals makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee of any kind with respect to the information contained in this document or any use of the product based on this information. ESPI Metals shall not be held liable for any damages resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. Users should satisfy themselves that they have all current data relevant to their particular use.


Prepared by:              ESPI Metals

Revised/Reviewed:   February 2016