Product Name:    Lithium - rod, wire, ribbon

Formula:              Li

Supplier:              ESPI Metals

                            1050 Benson Way

                            Ashland, OR 97520

Telephone:          800-638-2581

Fax:                     541-488-8313

Email:                  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Emergency:         Infotrac 800-535-5053 (US) or 352-323-3500 (24 hour)

Recommended Uses:   Scientific Research




GHS Classification (29 CFR 1910.1200):  Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases, category 1, Skin corrosion/irritation, category 1B, Eye damage/irritation, category 1.

GHS Label Elements:


Signal Word: Danger

Hazard Statements: H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously, H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.

Precautionary Statements: P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire, P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture, P260 Do not breath dust or fume, P264 Wash skin thoroughly after handling, P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection, P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting, P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower, P335+P334 Brush off loose particles from skin and immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages, P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing, P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing, P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician, P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse, P370+P378 In case of fire: Use class D metal extinguishing agent for extinction, do not use water, P402+P404 Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container, P405 Store locked up, P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local, state or federal regulations.




Ingredient:         Lithium

CAS#:                  7439-93-2

%:                       100

EC#:                    231-102-5




General information: It is advisable to have tongs, tweezers, scrapers or some kind of implement on hand to remove bits of metal from skin or clothing in the event of an accident. Large amounts of water should be used to rinse or flood the area of contact as small amounts of water may do more harm than good.

INHALATION: Remove the victim to fresh air. Seek immediate medical attention.

INGESTION: Quickly wipe material from mouth and rinse with water. Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical attention immediately.

SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing if necessary. Brush off any visible solids. Wash the affected area with water for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention.

EYES: Immediately flush eyes with copious amounts of water, including under eyelids for at least 10-15 minutes. A victim may need assistance in keeping their eyelids open. A 5% solution of boric acid may be used to neutralize any remaining caustic. Seek immediate medical attention.

Most Important Symptoms/Effects, Acute and Delayed:  Severe thermal burns, corrosion and ulceration of the skin and eyes may occur on direct contact. See section 11 for more information.

Indication of Immediate Medical Attention and Special Treatment:  May cause chemical burns in eyes or on skin as it reacts with moisture on living tissue. Treatment should first remove as much of the material as possible as quickly as possible and then flush with very large quantities of water. Ingestion presents a singular problem as emesis may produce esophageal damage and/or aspiration damage; dilution with water or other water-containing materials may produce a reaction that exacerbates the corrosive activity. Consideration may be given to gastric lavage with a large diameter tube for removal of material and then dilution with large amounts of water. Esophagoscopy may be of assistance in this procedure and to assess extent of damage. Treatment is otherwise symptomatic and supportive.




Extinguishing Media: Use graphite, copper powder or Lith-X (Ansul) Class D metal extinguishing agent.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media: DO NOT USE water, sand or carbon dioxide.

Specific Hazards Arising from the Material: Contact with water releases flammable gases. When heated to decomposition lithium may emit toxic fumes of lithium oxide and lithium hydroxide.

Special Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters: Full face, self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes. Lithium metal can reignite after fire is initially extinguished. Never leave extinguished fire unattended. Alkali metal fires may produce large quantities of white, opaque smoke that is caustic and may react with nearby materials. Flames may be practically invisible.




Personal Precautions, Protective Equipment, and Emergency Procedures: Wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in section 8. Isolate spill area and provide ventilation. Avoid breathing dust or fume. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Eliminate all sources of ignition.

Methods and Materials for Containment and Cleaning Up:  To prevent ignition, cover with mineral oil, soaking thoroughly, and place in oiled steel drums which are approved for transport. Do NOT use water to clean up. Keep away from water, rain, snow, etc. Use only non-sparking tools and natural bristle brushes.

Environmental Precautions: Do not allow to enter drains or to be released to the environment.




Precautions for Safe Handling: Lithium should only be handled by trained personnel wearing proper protective clothing and equipment specified in section 8. Can be handled in open atmosphere at room temperature, either coated with mineral oil or where relative humidity is maintained below 50%. Otherwise, handle under dry argon. To maintain best quality, humidity levels of less than 2% are recommended. Protect from heat, flame and sources of ignition. It is advisable to keep a container of Lith-X or graphite readily available in the work area. Keep combustible materials out of the work area. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid creating dust. Avoid breathing dust or fumes. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. See section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.

Conditions for Safe Storage, Including Any Incompatibilities: Protect from oxygen and water. Protect from moisture/humidity. Store in original unopened shipping container. Once opened, store in argon atmosphere or mineral oil. Keep away from sparks, heat and flame. Storage containers should be labeled to indicate their contents. Containers should be inspected periodically to check for container integrity. Storage area should be free of combustibles and ignition sources. Do not store together with acids, oxidizers, halogens. See section 10 for more information on incompatible materials.




Exposure Limits:     Lithium

OSHA/PEL:              No exposure limit established

ACGIH/TLV:             No exposure limit established

Appropriate Engineering Controls: Handle in a humidity controlled atmosphere. Handle in an enclosed, controlled process under dry argon when possible. Use local exhaust to maintain exposure at low levels. Whenever possible the use of local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls is the preferred method of controlling exposure to airborne dust and fume to meet established occupational exposure limits. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air. Prepare for the possibility of a fire. Keep extinguishing agents, tools for handling and protective clothing readily available.

Individual Protection Measures, Such as Personal Protective Equipment:

Respiratory Protection: Wear a NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator when high concentrations are present.

Eye Protection: Always wear approved chemical splash proof goggles.

Skin Protection: Rubber gloves, flame retardant protective work clothing.





Form:                   Solid

Color:                   Silver metallic

Odor:                    Not determined

Odor Threshold:   Not determined

pH:                                              N/A

Melting Point:                             180.5 oC

Boiling Point:                              1342 oC

Flash Point:                                N/A

Evaporation Rate:                      N/A

Flammability:                             Flammable solid

Upper Flammable Limit:             No data

Lower Flammable Limit:             No data

Vapor Pressure:                          1 mm at 723 oC

Vapor Density:                            N/A

Relative Density (Specific Gravity):     0.534 g/cc at 20 oC

Solubility in H2O:                         Decomposes

Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water):   Not determined

Autoignition Temperature:         179 oC

Decomposition Temperature:     No data

Viscosity:                                     N/A




Reactivity: No data

Chemical Stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Possibility of Hazardous Reactions: Lithium reacts readily with water releasing flammable hydrogen gas.

Conditions to Avoid: Avoid high temperatures, contact with water, moisture or humid air.

Incompatible Materials: Water, acids, oxidizers, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide.

Hazardous Decomposition Products: Lithium oxides, hydrogen gas, lithium hydroxides.




Likely Routes of Exposure: Inhalation, skin, eyes.

Symptoms of Exposure: Inhalation of dust will severely irritate the nasal cavity and respiratory tract. Ingestion will cause burns and perforations of the gastrointestinal tract. Severe thermal burns, corrosion and ulceration of the skin and eyes may occur on direct contact.

Acute and Chronic Effects: Elemental lithium causes severe eye and skin burns.

Acute Toxicity: No data

Carcinogenicity: NTP: Not identified as carcinogenic   IARC: Not identified as carcinogenic

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological characteristics of the substance are not fully known.




Ecotoxicity: No data

Persistence and Degradability: No data

Bioaccumulative Potential: No data

Mobility in Soil: No data

Other Adverse Effects: Do not allow material to be released to the environment. No further relevant information available.




Waste Disposal Method:

Product: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

Packaging: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.




UN Number:                           UN1415

UN Proper Shipping Name:   Lithium

Transport Hazard Class:       4.3

Packing Group:                      I

Marine Pollutant:                   No

Special Precautions:             Warning, substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases.




TSCA Listed: All components are listed.

Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP): Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases, category 1, Skin corrosion/irritation, category 1B, Eye damage/irritation, category 1.

Canada WHMIS Classification (CPR, SOR/88-66): Substances and mixtures which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases, Skin corrosion/irritation, Serious eye damage/eye irritation.

HMIS Ratings: Health: 3     Flammability: 3     Physical: 2

NFPA Ratings: Health: 3     Flammability: 3     Instability: 2     Special Hazard: W

Chemical Safety Assessment: A chemical safety assessment has not been carried out.




The information contained in this document is based on the state of our knowledge at the time of publication and is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. ESPI Metals makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee of any kind with respect to the information contained in this document or any use of the product based on this information. ESPI Metals shall not be held liable for any damages resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. Users should satisfy themselves that they have all current data relevant to their particular use.


Prepared by:             ESPI Metals

Revised/Reviewed:   July 2015