Aluminum

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Aluminum Sheet  

 

MATERIAL OVERVIEW

Characteristics: A Silvery white, crystalline solid, aluminum is lightweight, ductile and malleable. Aluminum forms a microscopically thin (~4 nm thick) protective oxide coating on exposure to air or water, which makes it highly resistant to ordinary corrosion. Aluminum has about one-third the density and stiffness of steel, and about two-thirds the thermal and electrical conductivity of copper. It is easily machined, cast, drawn and extruded. Tensile strength when annealed is 6800 psi, cold-rolled is 16,000 psi.

Attacked by concentrated and dilute solutions of HCl, hot concentrate H2SO4 and perchloric acid, also violently by strong alkalis. Rapidly oxidized by water at 180 oC. Not attacked by dilute or cold concentrated H2SO4 and concentrated nitric acid.

Derivation: From bauxite by Bayer process and subsequent electrolytic reduction by Hall-Héroult process. There are several processes for obtaining ultrapure aluminum: (a) electrolytic (three-layer); (b) zone refining; and (c) chemical refining. More efficient processes are the Alcoa and Toth processes; these require much less electric power than the Hall-Héroult process; Another method, using no electricity, involves heating a mixture of aluminum ores with a coal-derived fuel in a closed furnace; this yields AlOSi alloys, which are not only useful as such, but can be refined to pure aluminum.

Applications: Aluminum is one of the most widely used elements on earth, for transportation (cars, aircraft, spacecraft, trains, marine craft), packaging, construction, household appliances, consumer electronics, and even in paint in powdered form. Aluminum, evaporated in a vacuum, forms a coating that is highly reflective to both visible light and radiant heat. These coatings soon form a thin layer of the protective oxide and do not deteriorate as do silver coatings. They are used to coat telescope mirrors and to make decorative paper, packages, and toys. Aluminum is usually alloyed with small amounts of copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, or other elements to improve its mechanical properties.

Hazard: Fine powder and dusts are flammable and form explosive mixtures in air. If powder or dusts come into contact with certain metal oxides (such as iron oxide or copper oxide) a thermite reaction can be initiated with an ignition source. Exposure limits: (respirable) 1 mg/m3.

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GENERAL PROPERTIES

Symbol:

Al

Atomic Number:

13

Atomic Weight:

26.98154

Density:

2.6989gm/cc

Melting Point:

660.37oC

Boiling Point:

2467 oC

Thermal Conductivity:

2.37 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K

Electrical Resistivity:

2.6548 microhm-cm @ 0 oC

Electronegativity:

1.5 Paulings

Specific Heat:

0.215 Cal/g/K @ 25 oC

Heat of Vaporization:

67.9 K-Cal/gm at om at 765 oC

Heat of Fusion:

2.55 Cal/gm mole

 

TYPICAL ANALYSES - Impurities in ppm

Material / Purity:

4N

5N

6N

Ca

1

1.0

-

Cu

13

1.0

0.3

Mg

7

2.0

0.1

Mn

1

1.0

-

Si

23

2.0

0.5

Fe

52

2.0

-

ALUMINUM WIRE

Material

Purity

Aluminum Wire .001” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .002” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .003” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .004” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .005” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .006” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .007” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .008” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .009” 3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Wire .010” 

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Wire .020" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .030" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .040"  camera1  camera1 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .050" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .060" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .070" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .080" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Wire .090" 3N, 4N, 5N

Wire diameters are available in increments of .001”. Wire is spooled to order and sold by the foot or meter. Call or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for additional diameters or custom sizes.

ALUMINUM ROD

Material

Purity

Aluminum Rod .0625”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Rod .125”  camera1

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Rod .250”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Rod .500”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Rod .625”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Rod .750” 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Rod 1.00” 4N, 5N

Additional diameters can be drawn in 2-3 days. Rod is cut to order and sold by the inch or foot. Call or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for additional diameters or custom sizes.

ALUMINUM FOIL

Material   Purity

Aluminum Foil .001”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Foil .002”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Foil .003”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Foil .004”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Foil .005”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Foil .006”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Foil .007”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Foil .008”

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Foil .009”

3N, 4N, 5N

Foil is cut to order and sold by the square inch or square foot. Call or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for additional thicknesses or custom sizes.

ALUMINUM SHEET

Material  Purity
Aluminum Sheet .010”  3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .015" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .020" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .030" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .040" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .060" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .080" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .125" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .250" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet .500" 3N, 4N, 5N
Aluminum Sheet 1.00" 3N, 4N, 5N

Sheet thicknesses are available in increments of .001”. Sheet is cut to order and sold by the square inch or square foot. Call or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for additional thicknesses or custom sizes.

ALUMINUM SPUTTERING TARGETS

Material  Purity

Aluminum Sputtering Target 2"D X .125"T

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Sputtering Target 2"D X .250"T

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Sputtering Target 3"D X .125"T

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Sputtering Target 3"D X .250"T

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Sputtering Target 4"D X .125"T

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Sputtering Target 4"D X .250"T

3N, 4N, 5N

Aluminum Sputtering Target 6"D X .44"T  camera1

3N, 4N, 5N

Targets are made to order and packaged individually. Call or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for additional diameters, thicknesses or custom sizes.

ALUMINUM POWDER, SHOT, PELLETS, & INGOT

Material  Purity

Aluminum Shot  camera1 camera1

3N, 4N, 5N, 6N

Aluminum Pellets  .125"D X .125"L  

4N, 5N

Aluminum Pellets .250"D X .250"L camera1

4N, 5N

Aluminum Ingot  camera1

4N, 5N, 6N

Aluminum Powder  camera1  

2N, 3N

Powder, shot, pellets, and ingots are packaged to order and sold by the gram or kilogram. Call or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for additional specifications or custom requirements.

ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS

Material  Purity

Aluminum Antimonide, AlSb, Powder msds1

5N

Aluminum Carbide, Al4C3, -325 Mesh msds1

2N

Aluminum Fluoride, AlF3, -325 Mesh msds1

3N

Aluminum Oxide, Al2O3, -40 Mesh msds1

5N

Aluminum Oxide, Al2O3, 1/2"-1/8" Pieces msds1

2N6

Aluminum Oxide, Al2O3, -325 Mesh msds1

3N, 4N

Aluminum Selenide, Al2Se3, 1/4" Pieces by Down msds1

3N

Aluminum Tungstate, Al2(WO4)3, -100 Mesh msds1  

Compounds are packaged to order and sold by the gram or kilogram. Call or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for additional specifications or custom requirements.

 

Material Safety Data  Sheet - MSDS

Aluminum MSDS

Aluminum Powder MSDS

Technical Data Sheets

Understanding Mesh Sizes

Aluminum - Machining

 

 

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