Thallium

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MATERIAL OVERVIEW

Characteristics: Soft gray, lead-like metal that is not found free in nature. Thallium is extremely soft, malleable and soft enough to be cut with a knife at room temperature. It has a metallic luster that, when exposed to air, quickly tarnishes to a bluish-gray tinge, resembling lead. A heavy layer of oxide builds up on thallium if left in air. It may be preserved by immersion in oil. In the presence of water, thallium hydroxide is formed. Sulfuric and nitric acid dissolve thallium rapidly to make the sulfate and nitrate salts, while hydrochloric acid forms an insoluble thallium chloride layer. Soluble in nitric and sulfuric acids. Insoluble in water, but readily forms soluble compounds when exposed to air or water.

Derivation: Commercially thallium is produced as a byproduct from the refining of heavy metal sulfide ores.

60–70% of thallium production is used in the electronics industry such as: infrared optical applications, doping selenium semiconductors, high-temperature superconducting materials for applications like magnetic resonance imaging, storage of magnetic energy, magnetic propulsion, electric power generation and transmission, infrared detectors. The remainder finds its use in medical applications for nuclear cardiography and the pharmaceutical industry for treatment of ringworm and other skin infections.

Hazards: Thallium and its compounds are extremely toxic and should be handled with great care. Numerous cases of fatal thallium poisoning have been documented. Adequate ventilation should be provided when melting this metal. Thallium compounds have a high aqueous solubility and are readily absorbed through the skin. Exposure by inhalation should not exceed 0.1 mg per cubic metre in an 8-hour time-weighted average.

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GENERAL PROPERTIES

Symbol:

Tl

Atomic Number:

81

Atomic Weight:

204.37

Density:

11.85 gm/cc

Melting Point:

303.5 oC

Boiling Point:

1457 oC

Thermal Conductivity:

0.461 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K

Electrical Resistivity:

18.0 microhm-cm @ 0 oC

Electronegativity:

1.8 Paulings

Specific Heat:

0.0307 Cal/g/K @ 25 oC

Heat of Vaporization:

38.8 K-Cal/gm atom at 1457 oC

Heat of Fusion:

1.03 Cal/gm mole

TYPICAL ANALYSES - Impurities in ppm

Material / Purity:

5N

Ag <1
Al -
Cd -
Cu <1
Fe <1
Mg <1
Pb <1
Si <1
Sn <1
Zn <1

THALLIUM ROD

Material

Purity

Thallium Rod .500” 5N

Rod is cut to order and sold by the inch or foot. Thallium material is packaged under water. Additional diameters are available upon request.  Call or e-mail for a quotaton.


THALLIUM COMPOUNDS

Material

Purity

Thallium Acetate TlC2H3O2 -40 Mesh
3N
Thallium Bromide TlBr -20 Mesh
4N
Thallium Carbonate Tl2CO3 -20 Mesh 3N
Thallium Chloride TlCl -20 Mesh
5N
Thallium Oxide Tl2O -60 Mesh 5N
Thallium Oxide Tl2O3 -60 Mesh 5N
Compounds are packaged to order and sold by the gram or kilogram. Call or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for additional specifications or custom requirements.

 

Material Safety Data Sheet - MSDS
Thallium MSDS
Technical Data Sheets
Understanding Mesh Sizes