Germanium Powder

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

 

 

1   PRODUCT AND SUPPLIER IDENTIFICATION

Product Name:    Germanium Powder

Formula:             Ge

 

Supplier:             ESPI Metals

                            1050 Benson Way

                            Ashland, OR 97520

Telephone:          800-638-2581

Fax:                     541-488-8313

Email:                  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Emergency:         Infotrac 800-535-5053 (US) or 352-323-3500 (24 hour)

Recommended Uses:  Scientific Research

 

 

2   HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION 

GHS Classification (29 CFR 1910.1200):   Not classified as hazardous

GHS Label Elements:

Signal Word: N/A

Hazard Statements: N/A

Precautionary Statements:   N/A

 

 

3   COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Ingredient:        Germanium

CAS#:                 7440-56-4

%:                      100

EC#:                   231-164-3

 

 

4   FIRST AID MEASURES

General Measures: Remove patient from area of exposure.

INHALATION: Remove to fresh air, keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult. Seek medical attention.

INGESTION: Rinse mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical attention. Never induce vomiting or give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing, brush material off skin, wash affected area with soap and water. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist.

EYES: Flush eyes with lukewarm water, including under upper and lower eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist.

 

Most Important Symptoms/Effects, Acute and Delayed: May cause irritation. See section 11 for more information.

Indication of Immediate Medical Attention and Special Treatment: No other relevant information available.

 

 

5   FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing Media: Use Class D dry powder extinguishing agent.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media: Do not use water, carbon dioxide or halogenated extinguishing agents.

Specific Hazards Arising from the Material: Fine dust dispersed in air in sufficient concentrations, and in the presence of a strong ignition source, is a moderate dust explosion hazard. Finely divided germanium may react with water under fire conditions liberating flammable hydrogen gas. May release fumes of germanium oxides under fire conditions.

Special Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters: Full face, self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing when necessary.

 

 

6  ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal Precautions, Protective Equipment, and Emergency Procedures: Wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in section 8. Isolate spill area and provide ventilation. Avoid breathing dust or fume. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Eliminate all sources of ignition.

Methods and Materials for Containment and Cleaning Up: Avoid dust formation. Sweep or scoop up. Place in properly labeled closed containers.

Environmental Precautions: Do not allow to enter drains or to be released to the environment.

 

 

7   HANDLING AND STORAGE

Precautions for Safe Handling: Avoid creating dust. Provide adequate ventilation if dusts are created. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not breathe dust or fumes. See section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.

Conditions for Safe Storage: Store in a sealed container. Store in a cool, dry area. Protect from water. Store away from halogens. See section 10 for more information on incompatible materials.

 

 

8   EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION

Exposure Limits:     Germanium

OSHA/PEL:              No exposure limit established

ACGIH/TLV:             No exposure limit established

Engineering Controls: When working with finely divided powders, handle in a controlled, enclosed environment. Ensure adequate ventilation to maintain exposures below occupational limits. Whenever possible the use of local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls is the preferred method of controlling exposure to airborne dust and fume to meet established occupational exposure limits. Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air.

Respiratory Protection: If permissible levels are exceeded, use NIOSH approved dust respirator.

Eye Protection: Safety glasses

Skin Protection: Wear impermeable gloves, protective work clothing as necessary.

 

 

9   PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Appearance:

Form:                    Powder

Color:                    Gray to black

Odor:                     Odorless

Odor Threshold:    Not determined

pH:                                              N/A

Melting Point:                             937.4 oC

Boiling Point:                              2830 oC

Flash Point:                                N/A

Evaporation Rate:                      N/A

Flammability:                             No data

Upper Flammable Limit:            No data

Lower Flammable Limit:            No data

Vapor Pressure:                         No data

Vapor Density:                            N/A

Relative Density (Specific Gravity):     5.35 g/cc

Solubility in H2O:                         Insoluble

Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water):   Not determined

Autoignition Temperature:         No data

Decomposition Temperature:     No data

Viscosity:                                     N/A

 

 

10   STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity: No data

Chemical Stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Possibility of Hazardous Reactions: Fine dust dispersed in air in sufficient concentrations, and in the presence of a strong ignition source, is a moderate dust explosion hazard. Freshly cut or finely divided germanium may react with water or steam to produce heat and hydrogen gas. Germanium reacts vigorously with halogens.

Conditions to Avoid: Dusting conditions.

Incompatible Materials: Halogens, strong oxidizing agents, fused alkalis, concentrated nitric acid.

Hazardous Decomposition Products: Germanium dioxide and hydrogen.

 

 

11   TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Likely Routes of Exposure: Inhalation, skin and eyes.

Symptoms of Exposure: May cause irritation.

Acute and Chronic Effects: Inhalation or contact with germanium dusts may cause irritation. There is no available data to show any toxic effects for elemental germanium.

Acute Toxicity: No data

Carcinogenicity: NTP: Not identified as carcinogenic   IARC: Not identified as carcinogenic

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological characteristics of the substance are not fully known.

 

 

12   ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Ecotoxicity: No data

Persistence and Degradability: No data

Bioaccumulative Potential: No data

Mobility in Soil: No data

Other Adverse Effects: No further relevant information available.

 

 

13   DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste Disposal Method:

Product: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

Packaging: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

 

 

14   TRANSPORT INFORMATION

Shipping Regulations: Not regulated

UN Number:                           N/A

UN Proper Shipping Name:   N/A

Transport Hazard Class:       N/A

Packing Group:                      N/A

Marine Pollutant:                   No

 

 

15   REGULATORY INFORMATION

TSCA Listed: All components are listed.

Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP): N/A

Canada WHMIS Classification (CPR, SOR/88-66): N/A

HMIS Ratings: Health: 1     Flammability: 1     Physical: 1

NFPA Ratings: Health: 1     Flammability: 1     Instability: 1

Chemical Safety Assessment: A chemical safety assessment has not been carried out.

 

 

16   OTHER INFORMATION

The information contained in this document is based on the state of our knowledge at the time of publication and is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. ESPI Metals makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee of any kind with respect to the information contained in this document or any use of the product based on this information. ESPI Metals shall not be held liable for any damages resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. Users should satisfy themselves that they have all current data relevant to their particular use.

 

Prepared by:             ESPI Metals

Revised/Reviewed:   July 2015