Selenium Oxide

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

 

 

I.   PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

Manufacturer/Supplier:

ESPI Metals

1050 Benson Way, Ashland, OR 97520

Toll Free (800) 638-2581 * Fax (541) 488-8313

E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 


Product Name:     Selenium Oxide

Formula:              SeO2

CAS Number:       7446-08-4

 

 

II.   HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS

Hazardous Component:  Selenium Oxide

Percent (%):                   0-100

OSHA/PEL:                      0.2 (Se)mg/m3

ACGIH/TLV:                     0.2 (Se)mg/m3

HMIS Ratings:

Health:                            3

Flammability:                 0

Reactivity:                      1

 

 

III.   PHYSICAL DATA

Boiling Point:                  N/E

Melting Point:                 340 - 350 oC, sublimes

Specific Gravity:            3.95 g/cc

Solubility in H2O:            Soluble

Appearance and Odor:   White powder and pieces, no odor

 

 

IV.   FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS DATA

Flash Point (Method used):  N/A

Autoignition Temperature:  N/A

Flammable LimitsUpper:  N/A       Lower:  N/A

Extinguishing Media:  Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding materials and type of fire.

Special Firefighting Procedures:  Firefighters must wear full face, self-contained breathing apparatus with full protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.

Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazard:  When heated to decomposition selenium oxide may release toxic fumes.

 

 

V.   HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Effects of Exposure:

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological properties of selenium oxide have not been thoroughly investigated and recorded.

Selenium in small amounts is essential for normal growth of some animals.  Deficiency or excess is associated with serious disease in livestock.  Elemental selenium has low acute systemic toxicity, but dust or fumes can cause serious irritation of the respiratory tract.  It is a suspected carcinogen of the liver and thyroid.  Inorganic selenium compounds can cause dermatitis.  Garlic odor of breath is a common symptom.  Pallor, nervousness, depression, digestive disturbances have been reported in cases of chronic exposure.  Selenium compounds are common air contaminants.  (Sax, Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials)

Selenium may cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, bronchial irritation, gastrointestinal distress, nasopharyngeal irritation,  garlic odor on breath and sweat, metallic taste, pallor, irritability, excessive fatigue, loss of fingernails and hair, pulmonary edema, anemia and weight loss.

Acute and Chronic Effects:

Inhalation:  Inhalation of selenium dust or fume can cause irritation, metallic taste and a garlic-odor to the breath.

Ingestion:  May cause pallor, weakness, G.I. tract disturbances and nervousness.

Skin:  Irritant.  Repeated skin contact can cause dermatitis.

Eye:  Irritant.    SeO2 in the eye can cause a pink allergic-type reaction.

CarcinogenicityEPA:  No     IARC:  No      NTP:  No

 

EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:

INHALATION:  Remove from exposure, keep warm and provide artificial respiration if necessary.  Seek immediate medical attention.

INGESTION:  Do not induce vomiting.  Seek immediate medical attention.

SKIN:  Remove any contaminated clothing, brush material off of skin, flush with running water, wash carefully with soap and water.  Seek immediate medical advice.

EYE:  Flush with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes.  Consult a doctor.

 

 

VI.   REACTIVITY DATA

Stability:  Stable

Conditions to Avoid:  Moisture

Incompatibility (Material to Avoid):  Acids, water/moisture

Hazardous Decomposition Products:  Toxic metal oxide fume

Hazardous Polymerization:  Will not occur

 

 

VII.   SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES

Steps to be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled:  Wear protective equipment.  Keep unprotected persons away.  Ensure adequate ventilation.  Sweep or scoop up pieces.  Vacuum up powders using vacuum equipped with HEPA filter.  Do not raise dust.

Waste Disposal Method:  In accordance with Local, State and Federal Waste Disposal Regulations.

 

 

VIII.   SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION

Respiratory Protection (Specify Type):  Any respirator approved for dusts, mists, fumes.

Ventilation:  Use local exhaust to maintain concentration at low exposure levels.  Mechanical exhaust is not recommended.

Protective Gloves:  Impervious gloves

Eye Protection:  Safety Glasses

Other Protective Equipment:  Protective work clothing.

 

 

IX.   SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage:  Keep container tightly sealed.  Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.  Store under lock and key and with access restricted to technical experts or their assistants only.  Store away from water/ moisture.  Do not store together with acids.  This product is hygroscopic.  Protect from humidity and water.  Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.  Open and handle container with care.

Hazards:  Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.  Danger of cumulative effects.  Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.  Avoid release to the environment.  This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.

Work Practices:  Implement engineering and work practice controls to reduce and maintain concentration of exposure at low levels.  Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices.  Do not use tobacco or food in work area.  Wash thoroughly before eating and smoking.  Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air.  Maintain eyewash capable of sustained flushing, safety drench shower and facilities for washing.

 

 

The above information is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide.  ESPI shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

 

Issued By:             S. Dierks

Date:                    November 2004