Neodymium Oxide

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

 

 

I.   PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

Manufacturer/Supplier:

ESPI Metals

1050 Benson Way, Ashland, OR 97520

Toll Free (800) 638-2581 * Fax (541) 488-8313

E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 


Product Name:     Neodymium Oxide

Formula:              Nd2O3

CAS Number:       1313-97-9

 

 

II.   HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS

Hazardous Components:  Neodymium Oxide

Percent (%):                    0-100

OSHA PEL:                         N/E

ACGIH TLV:                       N/E

HMIS Ratings:

Health:                              1

Flammability:                   0

Reactivity:                        0        

 

 

III.   PHYSICAL DATA

Boiling Point:                   4118 oC

Melting Point:                  2270 oC

Specific Gravity:             7.24 g/cc

Solubility in H2O:             Insoluble

Appearance and Odor:    Light blue powder and pieces, no odor.

 

 

IV.   FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS DATA

Flash Point:  N/A

Autoignition Temperature:  N/A

Explosive LimitsUpper:  N/A          Lower:  N/A

Extinguishing Media:  Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding materials and type of fire.

Special Firefighting Procedures:  Firefighters must wear full face, self-contained breathing apparatus with full protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.  Fumes from fire are hazardous.  Isolate runoff to prevent environmental pollution.

Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazard:  None.

 

 

V.   HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Effects of Exposure:

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological properties of neodymium oxide have not been thoroughly investigated and recorded.

Neodymium is considered a rare earth metal.  These metals are moderately to highly toxic.  The symptoms of toxicity of the rare earth elements include writhing, ataxia, labored respiration, walking on toes with arched back and sedation.  Rare earth oxides are much less toxic than the chlorides or citrates. The rare earth elements exhibit low toxicity by ingestion exposure.  May lead to the production of skin and lung granulomas.

Acute Effects:

Inhalation:  May cause irritation to the respiratory tract and mucous membrane.  Dusts may cause asthma attacks and lung damage such as lung granulomas.  Large doses may cause writhing, loss of muscle coordination, labored respiration, sedation, hypotension and cardiovascular collapse.

Ingestion:  May cause gastrointestinal irritation.

Skin:  May cause irritation, rashes and skin granulomas.

Eye:  May cause irritation.

Chronic Effects:

Inhalation:  Prolonged or repeated inhalation may cause writhing, loss of muscle coordination, labored respiration, sedation, hypotension and cardiovascular collapse.

Ingestion:  May affect the coagulation rate of blood.

Skin:  May cause dermatitis, sensitivity to heat, itching and skin lesions.

Eye:  No chronic health effects recorded.

Target Organs:  May affect the respiratory system, blood and skin.

Medically Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure:  Pre-existing respiratory disorders

CarcinogenicityNTPNo    IARC:  No      OSHA:  No

 

EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:

INHALATION:  Remove victim from exposure.  Keep warm and quiet.  Give oxygen if breathing is difficult and seek medical attention.

INGESTION:  Give 1-2 glasses of milk or water and induce vomiting; seek medical attention.  Never induce vomiting or give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

SKIN:  Remove contaminated clothing; brush material off skin; wash affected area with mild soap and water; seek medical attention if irritation persists.

EYE:  Flush eyes with lukewarm water, lifting upper and lower eyelids for at least 15 minutes.  Seek medical attention if irritation persists.

 


VI.   REACTIVITY DATA

Stability:  Stable

Conditions to Avoid (Instability):  Air, water/moisture

Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid):  Acids

Hazardous Decomposition or Byproducts:  Metal oxide fumes

Hazardous Polymerization:  Will not occur

 


VII.   SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES

Steps to Be Taken in Case Material Is Released or Spilled:  Wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in Section VIII.  Isolate spill area and provide ventilation.  Vacuum up spill using a high efficiency particulate absolute (HEPA) air filter and place in a closed container for proper disposal.  Take care not to raise dust.

Waste Disposal Method:  Dispose of in accordance with Local, State and Federal regulations.

 

 

VIII.   SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION

Respiratory Protection:  NIOSH approved dust respirator.

Ventilation:  Use local exhaust to maintain concentration at low exposure levels.  Handle and store in an inert gas, such as argon.  Handle in a dry, controlled atmosphere.  General exhaust is not recommended

Protective Gloves:  Rubber gloves

Eye Protection:  Safety Glasses

Other Protective Clothing or Equipment:  Protective gear suitable to prevent contamination.

 

 

IX.   SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storing:  Store in a cool dry place in a tightly sealed container.  Wash thoroughly after handling.

Other Precautions:  Neodymium oxide is hygroscopic, and absorbs carbon dioxide from the air.  Handle and store in an inert gas such as argon.

Work Practices:  Implement engineering and work practice controls to reduce and maintain concentration of exposure at low levels.  Use good housekeeping an sanitation practices.  Do not use tobacco or food in work area.  Wash thoroughly before eating and smoking.  Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air.  Maintain eyewash capable of sustained flushing, safety drench shower and facilities for washing.

TSCA Listed:         Yes

DOT Regulations:

Hazard Class:      None

 

 

The above information is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide.  ESPI shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

 

Issued By:               S. Dierks

Revised/Verified:      December 2011