Lithium Chloride

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

 

 

1   PRODUCT AND SUPPLIER IDENTIFICATION

Product Name:    Lithium Chloride

Formula:             LiCl

Supplier:             ESPI Metals

                            1050 Benson Way

                            Ashland, OR 97520

Telephone:          800-638-2581

Fax:                     541-488-8313

Email:                  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Emergency:        Infotrac 800-535-5053 (US) or 352-323-3500 (24 hour)

Recommended Uses:   Scientific Research

 

 

2   HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

GHS Classification (29 CFR 1910.1200): Acute toxicity - oral, category 4,  Skin corrosion/irritation, category 2,  Eye damage/irritation, category 2A.

GHS Label Elements:

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Signal Word: Warning

Hazard Statements: H302  Harmful if swallowed,  H315  Causes skin irritation,  H319  Causes serious eye irritation.

Precautionary Statements: P260  Do not breath dust or vapors,  P264  Wash skin thoroughly after handling,  P270  Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product,  P280  Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection P301+P312+P330  IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell,  P302+P352  IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water,  P332+P313  IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention,  P305+P351+P338  IF IN EYES: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing,  P337+P313  IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention,  P362+P364  Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse,  P501  Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local, state or federal regulations.

 

 

3   COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Ingredient:        Lithium Chloride

CAS#:                 7447-41-8

%:                      >99

EC#:                   231-212-3

Common Names and Synonyms:  Dilithium chloride.

 

 

4   FIRST AID MEASURES

General Measures: Remove patient from area of exposure.

INHALATION: Remove to fresh air, keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult. Seek medical attention.

INGESTION: Rinse mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical attention. Never induce vomiting or give anything by  mouth to an unconscious person.

SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing, brush material off skin, wash affected area with soap and water. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist.

EYES: Flush eyes with lukewarm water, including under upper and lower eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist.

Most Important Symptoms/Effects, Acute and Delayed: May cause irritation. See section 11 for more information.

Indication of Immediate Medical Attention and Special Treatment: No other relevant information available.

 

 

5   FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing Media: Use suitable extinguishing agent for surrounding materials and type of fire.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media: No information available.

Specific Hazards Arising from the Material: May emit toxic fumes under fire conditions.

Special Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters: Full face, self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.

 

 

6   ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal Precautions, Protective Equipment, and Emergency Procedures: Wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in section 8. Isolate spill area and provide ventilation. Avoid breathing dust or fume. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

Methods and Materials for Containment and Cleaning Up: Avoid dust formation. Scoop up or vacuum using a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter and place in a properly labeled closed container for further handling and disposal.

Environmental Precautions: Do not flush to sewer, stream, or other bodies of water. Do not allow to enter drains or to be released to the environment.

 

 

7   HANDLING AND STORAGE

Precautions for Safe Handling: Handle in an enclosed, controlled process. Avoid creating dust. Provide adequate ventilation if dusts are created. Avoid breathing dust or fumes. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. See section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.

Conditions for Safe Storage, Including Any Incompatibilities: Store in a cool, dry area.  Store material tightly sealed in properly labeled containers. Protect from moisture. See section 10 for more information on incompatible materials.

 

 

8   EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION

Exposure Limits:    OSHA/PEL:                               ACGIH/TLV:

Lithium Chloride        No exposure limit established      No exposure limit established

Appropriate Engineering Controls: Whenever possible the use of local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls is the preferred method of controlling exposure to airborne dust and fume to meet established occupational exposure limits. Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air.

Individual Protection Measures, Such as Personal Protective Equipment:

   Respiratory Protection: Wear a NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator when dusts or fumes are present.

   Eye Protection: Safety glasses

   Skin Protection: Wear impermeable gloves, protective work clothing as necessary.

 

 

9   PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Appearance:

  Form:                 Powder

  Color:                 White

Odor:                    Not determined

Odor Threshold:  Not determined

pH:                                               N/A

Melting Point:                              605 oC

Boiling Point:                               1325 - 1360 oC

Flash Point:                                  N/A

Evaporation Rate:                        N/A

Flammability:                               No data

Upper Flammable Limit:              No data

Lower Flammable Limit:              No data

Vapor Pressure:                           No data

Vapor Density:                             N/A

Relative Density (Specific Gravity):     2.068 g/cc @ 25 oC

Solubility in H2O:                         63.7 g/100 ml @ 0 oC

Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water):   Not determined

Autoignition Temperature:         No data

Decomposition Temperature:     No data

Viscosity:                                     N/A

 

 

10   STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity: No specific test data available.

Chemical Stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Possibility of Hazardous Reactions: No data

Conditions to Avoid: Hygroscopic, avoid exposure to moist air or water.

Incompatible Materials: Strong acids, strong oxidizers, halogens.

Hazardous Decomposition Products: Lithium oxide fumes, hydrogen chloride gas.

 

 

11   TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Likely Routes of Exposure: Inhalation, skin and eyes.

Symptoms of Exposure: May cause irritation.

Acute and Chronic Effects:

Lithium Compounds:  Acute toxicity of lithium salts is difficult to assess. Most poisonings have occurred over weeks to months of chronic intake, not from single ingestion episodes. Symptoms of milder toxicity include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, sedation, and fine tremor. The more serious effects involve the nervous system and include mental confusion, hyperreflexia, gross tremor, dysarthria, seizures, and cranial-nerve and focal neurological signs, progressing to coma and death.

Chloride Compounds:  Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas or a clear to amber liquid under pressure, and has a pungent, suffocating odor. The gas irritates the eyes and causes tears.  Liquid chlorine on contact can burn the skin and eyes. Chloride toxicity varies widely; sodium chloride has very low toxicity while carbonyl chloride (phosgene) is lethal in small doses. When heated to decomposition or on contact with acids or acid fumes chloride compounds may evolve toxic hydrogen chloride fumes. As the principal negatively charged ion in the human body, chloride also serves as one of the main electrolytes of the body.

Acute Toxicity: LD50 oral  - rat - 526-840 mg/kg (oral LD50 higher in rats of 6 weeks old than in rats of 3 and 6 months of age)

CarcinogenicityNTP:  Not identified as carcinogenic    IARC:  Not identified as carcinogenic

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological characteristics of the substance are not fully known.

 

 

12   ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Ecotoxicity: No data

Persistence and Degradability: No data

Bioaccumulative Potential: No data

Mobility in Soil: No data

Other Adverse Effects: Do not allow material to be released to the environment. No further relevant information available.

 

 

13   DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste Disposal Method:

Product: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

Packaging: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

 

 

14   TRANSPORT INFORMATION

Shipping Regulations:  Not regulated

   UN Number:                           N/A

   UN Proper Shipping Name:   N/A

   Transport Hazard Class:       N/A

   Packing Group:                      N/A

   Marine Pollutant:                   No

 

 

15   REGULATORY INFORMATION

TSCA Listed: Yes

DSL Listed: Yes

Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP): Acute toxicity - oral, category 4,  Skin corrosion/irritation, category 2,  Eye damage/irritation, category 2.

WHMIS 2015 Classification: Acute toxicity - oral, category 4,  Skin corrosion/irritation, category 2,  Eye damage/irritation, category 2.

HMIS RatingsHealth:  1     Flammability:  0     Physical:  0

NFPA RatingsHealth:  1     Flammability:  0     Instability:  0

Chemical Safety Assessment: A chemical safety assessment has not been carried out.

 

 

16   OTHER INFORMATION

The information contained in this document is based on the state of our knowledge at the time of publication and is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. ESPI Metals makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee of any kind with respect to the information contained in this document or any use of the product based on this information. ESPI Metals shall not be held liable for any damages resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. Users should satisfy themselves that they have all current data relevant to their particular use.

 

Prepared by:              ESPI Metals

Revised/Reviewed:    September 2017