Lead

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

 

 

1   PRODUCT AND SUPPLIER IDENTIFICATION

Product Name:    Lead - pellets, shot, sheet, foil, rod, wire, target

Formula:             Pb

Supplier:             ESPI Metals

                            1050 Benson Way

                            Ashland, OR 97520

Telephone:          800-638-2581

Fax:                     541-488-8313

Email:                  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Emergency:         Infotrac 800-535-5053 (US) or 352-323-3500 (24 hour)

Recommended Uses:   Scientific Research

 

 

2   HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

GHS Classification (29 CFR 1910.1200):  Carcinogenicity, category 2, Reproductive toxicity, category 2, Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure, category 2.

GHS Label Elements:

Signal Word: Warning

Hazard Statements: H351 Suspected of causing cancer, H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child, H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Precautionary Statements:  P201 Obtain special instructions before use, P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood, P260 Do not breath dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray, P281 Use personal protective equipment as required, P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention, P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell, P405 Store locked up, P501 Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local, state or federal regulations.

 

 

3   COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Ingredient:       Lead

CAS#:                7439-92-1

%:                     100

EC#:                   231-100-4

 

 

4   FIRST AID MEASURES

General Measures: Remove patient from area of exposure.

INHALATION: Remove to fresh air, keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult. Seek immediate medical attention.

INGESTION: Rinse mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Seek immediate medical attention. Never induce vomiting or give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing, wash affected area with soap and water. Seek medical attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reusing.

EYES: Flush eyes with lukewarm water, including under upper and lower eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention.

Most Important Symptoms/Effects, Acute and Delayed: May cause irritation. See section 11 for more information.

Indication of Immediate Medical Attention and Special Treatment: No other information available.

 

 

5   FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing Media: Use suitable extinguishing agent for surrounding materials and type of fire.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media: No information available.

Specific Hazards Arising from the Material: This product does not present fire or explosion hazards as shipped. Fine dust from processing is a weak to moderate fire hazard if allowed to accumulate and subjected to an ignition source. Under fire conditions toxic fumes of lead oxide may be released.

Special Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters: Full face, self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing when necessary.

 

 

6   ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal Precautions, Protective Equipment, and Emergency Procedures: Wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in section 8. Isolate spill area and provide ventilation. Avoid breathing dust or fume. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

Methods and Materials for Containment and Cleaning Up: For larger pieces - pick up mechanically. For chips or dust - vacuum using a HEPA filter. Place in properly labeled closed containers. Avoid creating dusts. Do not use compressed air.

Environmental Precautions: Do not allow to enter drains or to be released to the environment.

 

 

7   HANDLING AND STORAGE

Precautions for Safe Handling: Handle in a well-ventilated area. Avoid creating dust. Avoid exposure to high temperature. Provide adequate ventilation if dusts are created. Avoid breathing dust or fumes. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. See section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.

Conditions for Safe Storage, Including Any Incompatibilities: Store in a sealed container. Store in a cool, dry area. Protect from moisture. Do not store together with strong oxidizers or acids. See section 10 for more information on incompatible materials.

 

 

8   EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION

Exposure Limits:     Lead

OSHA/PEL:              50 µg/m3

ACGIH/TLV:             0.05 mg/m3

Appropriate Engineering Controls: Whenever possible the use of local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls is the preferred method of controlling exposure to airborne dust and fume to meet established occupational exposure limits. Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air. Clothing worn in areas of exposure to lead dust or fume should be restricted to the workplace and laundered regularly.

Individual Protection Measures, Such as Personal Protective Equipment:

Respiratory Protection: When potential exposures are above the occupational limits, approved respirators must be used.

Eye Protection: Safety glasses

Skin Protection: Wear impermeable gloves, protective work clothing as necessary.

 

 

9   PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Appearance:

Form:                    Solid in various forms

Color:                    Silvery metallic

Odor:                     Odorless

Odor Threshold:    Not determined

pH:                                              N/A

Melting Point:                             327.5 oC

Boiling Point:                              1740 oC

Flash Point:                                N/A

Evaporation Rate:                      N/A

Flammability:                             No data

Upper Flammable Limit:             No data

Lower Flammable Limit:             No data

Vapor Pressure:                          1 mm Hg @ 973 oC

Vapor Density:                            N/A

Relative Density (Specific Gravity):     11.34 g/cc

Solubility in H2O:                         Insoluble

Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water):   Not determined

Autoignition Temperature:         No data

Decomposition Temperature:     No data

Viscosity:                                     N/A

 

 

10   STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity: No data

Chemical Stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Possibility of Hazardous Reactions: High temperatures will generate toxic lead oxide fumes.

Conditions to Avoid: Avoid creating or accumulating fines or dusts. Avoid high temperatures.

Incompatible Materials: Strong acids, strong oxidizers, halogens and interhalogen compounds.

Hazardous Decomposition Products: Lead oxide fume.

Other: Freshly cut or cast lead surfaces tarnish rapidly due to the formation of an insoluble protective layer of basic lead carbonate.

 

 

11   TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Likely Routes of Exposure: Inhalation, skin, eyes. Product as shipped does not present an inhalation hazard; however subsequent operations may create dusts or fumes which could be inhaled.

Symptoms of Exposure: Skin or eye contact with dust or fume may cause local irritation. Inhalation of dust or fumes may cause headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal spasms, fatigue, sleep disturbances, weight loss, anemia, and pain in legs, arms, and joints. An acute short-term dose of lead could cause acute encephalopathy with seizures, coma, and death. However, short-term exposure of this magnitude is rare. Kidney damage, as well as anemia, can occur from acute exposure. Symptoms due to ingestion of lead dust or fume would be similar to those from inhalation. Other health effects such as metallic taste in the mouth and constipation or bloody diarrhea might also be expected to occur.

Acute and Chronic Effects: Lead accumulates in bone and body organs once it enters the body. Elimination from the body is slow. Initial and periodic medical examinations are advised for persons repeatedly exposed to levels above the exposure limits of lead dust or fumes. Once lead enters the body, it can affect a variety of organ systems, including the nervous system, kidneys, reproductive system, blood formation, and gastrointestinal system.

Acute Toxicity: No data

Carcinogenicity:

Lead and Lead Compounds, InorganicNTP: R - Reasonably anticipated to be a carcinogen   IARC: 2B - Possibly carcinogenic to humans

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological characteristics of the substance are not fully known.

 

 

12   ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Ecotoxicity: No data

Persistence and Degradability: No data

Bioaccumulative Potential: No data

Mobility in Soil: No data

Other Adverse Effects: Do not allow material to be released to the environment. No further relevant information available.

 

 

13   DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste Disposal Method:

Product: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

Packaging: Dispose of in accordance with Federal, State and Local regulations.

 

 

14   TRANSPORT INFORMATION

Shipping Regulations:  Not regulated

UN Number:                           N/A

UN Proper Shipping Name:   N/A

Transport Hazard Class:       N/A

Packing Group:                      N/A

Marine Pollutant:                   No

 

 

15   REGULATORY INFORMATION

TSCA Listed: All components are listed.

Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP): Carcinogenicity, category 2, Reproductive toxicity, category 2, Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure, category 2, Hazardous to the aquatic environment - acute hazard, category 1, Hazardous to the aquatic environment - chronic hazard, category 1.

Canada WHMIS Classification (CPR, SOR/88-66): Carcinogenicity, Reproductive toxicity, Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure.

HMIS Ratings: Health: 1     Flammability: 0     Physical: 0

NFPA Ratings: Health: 1     Flammability: 0     Instability: 0

Chemical Safety Assessment: A chemical safety assessment has not been carried out

 

 

16   OTHER INFORMATION

The information contained in this document is based on the state of our knowledge at the time of publication and is believed to be correct, but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. ESPI Metals makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee of any kind with respect to the information contained in this document or any use of the product based on this information. ESPI Metals shall not be held liable for any damages resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. Users should satisfy themselves that they have all current data relevant to their particular use.

 

Prepared by:             ESPI Metals

Revised/Reviewed:   July 2015

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